## Grade 5 math topics

The core math topics covered in grade 5 typically are:

Numbers and Operations

- multiplying and dividing by powers of ten
- multiplying and dividing large whole numbers in columns
- rectangular arrays
- add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators
- multiply fractions by fractions and / or whole numbers
- divide fractions by whole numbers
- reading, writing and comparing decimals
- add, subtract, multiply and divide decimals
- use of parenthesis in expressions
- word problems involving fractions and decimals
- exponents and powers of ten

Geometry

- rectangular prisms
- volumes of 3 dimensional shapes
- coordinate planes
- categorizing 2D shapes by various attributes

Measurement

- convert measurements between different types of units (metric and customary)
- multi-step word problems in measurement

Data Analysis

- create line plots to display data
- solve real world word problems by referring to line plots

The common core math standards for grade 5 are also worth reviewing.

## Math worksheets for grade 5

Choose from hundreds of free grade 5 math worksheets organized by topic:

## Grade 5 Math Workbooks

Our grade 5 math workbooks are available as individual books or or as part of our grade 4-7 math bundle.

Numbers up to the trillions, rounding huge numbers and using a calculator. | |

Multiplication and division topics including order of operations, multiplying in parts, long division, divisibility rules, factors and prime factors, greatest common factor, least common multiple and ratios. | |

Topics related to the four operations and algebra including balance problems and equations, expressions involving a variable, order of operations, the multiplication algorithm, long division, powers and exponents and the coordinate grid. | |

Focus on the addition and subtraction of fractions with like and unlike denominators. Also mixed numbers, equivalent fractions and comparing fractions. | |

Simplifying fractions and the multiplication and division of fractions and mixed numbers | |

Introduction to decimals (tenths and hundredths). Adding and subtracting decimals mentally and in columns. Decimals and money. | |

Adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing decimals. Multiplying and dividing by powers of 10. Rounding and estimating. | |

Length, weight, capacity, temperature and time. Focus on conversion between different measuring units. Customary and metric units used. | |

Overview focused on basic plane geometry. Topics include lines, rays and angles; measuring angles; parallel and perpendicular lines, shapes, area, volume. Also rectangular prisms and surface area. | |

Classifying triangles and quadrilaterals, area of common polygons, circumference and area of circles, conversion between units of area. Nets, surface area and volumes of common solids. | |

Angles, classifying triangles, congruent and similar figures, transformations, ruler and compass, square roots and the Pythagorean Theorem. | |

Geometric transformations and congruence; translations, reflections, rotations, sequences of transformations. Similar figures, corresponding angles, angle relationships and parallel lines. Volume of prisms, cylinders, pyramids, cones and spheres. | |

Square Roots & the Pythagorean Theorem
Square roots, the Pythagorean Theorem, applications of the Pythagorean Theorem and a proof of the Pythagorean Theorem. | |

Statistics and common graphs and related topics including pictographs, bar graphs, histograms, double bar graphs, multiple line graphs, circle graphs and mean / median / mode. | |

Ratios, Proportions & Problem Solving Ratios and fractions, ratios and rates, cross multiplying, proportional relationships, aspect ratios, scaling figures, bar models and significant digits. |