The K5 Learning Blog urges parents to be pro-active in helping their children reach their full academic potential.

K5 Learning provides an online reading and math program for kindergarten to grade 5 students.

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# K5 Learning Blog

Let’s take a step back. First, what are conjunctions? What do we use them for?

## What are conjunctions?

If we didn’t have conjunctions, we would have to say everything in short sentences.

I like to play. I like to run. I don’t like to sit still.

Simply put, conjunctions are words that link other words, phrases and clauses together.

Some examples of conjunctions are: and, but, yet.

In the above sentence, we can add conjunctions to make a more complex, elegant sentence.

I like to play and run, but I don’t like to sit still.

## What types of conjunctions are there?

There are three types of conjunctions:

Coordinating conjunctions

Correlative conjunctions

Subordinating conjunctions

We’ll leave the last two for another day. In this blog post, we’re going to focus on coordinating conjunctions.

Decimals can be expressed as a fraction. Converting decimals to fractions is usually a two-step process:

1. Depending on the number of decimal places, convert the fraction using tenths, hundredths, thousandths, etc.

2. Simplify the fraction to the lowest common term.

Let’s demonstrate this with an example:

The decimal is 0.4.

## Convert the fraction

Write down 0.4 divided by 1

Now, multiply both top and bottom by 10 for every number after the decimal point.

In our example, there is one number after the decimal point, so multiply by 10.

Grade 4 is a key year in elementary school. Our kids are now “big kids”, and with that comes higher academic expectations. In this grade, among other things, students should know the subject-verb agreement and to use punctuation properly.

Our new grade 4 grammar worksheets cover verb and verb tenses, pronouns, adjectives and adverbs, other parts of speech, sentences, capitalization and punctuation.

First, let us show us where to find the grade 4 grammar worksheets on our web site:

## How to find the grammar worksheets

You’ll now find that our grammar sections are divided by grade, …

When the denominators in the fractions you want to subtract from each other are different, things get a little more complicated than subtracting fractions with like denominators.

Let’s say we want to subtract 1/6 from ½.

Yesterday we published updates to our reading comprehension workbooks for kindergarten students in our bookstore. Each workbook contains 20 fiction and non-fiction stories, followed by reading comprehension exercises. Answer sheets are also provided.

Our reading comprehension workbooks are leveled from A-Z, based on the following grade-level text complexities:

- Vocabulary words
- High-frequency words
- Average word size
- Number of words per sentence, on average
- Amount of repetition of words and phrases
- Story length
- Subject matter complexity

We’re sure you’re curious to see what the stories and exercises look like. Let’s show you one of our stories from our Level C workbook.

## Sample kindergarten reading comprehension story

On each of our pages, we indicate the vocabulary words for each story. The high frequency words are included in a list at the beginning of each workbook.

## What are fractions?

A fraction is a part of a whole. Every fraction has a denominator and a numerator.

## Denominator

The bottom number of the fraction is called the denominator. It shows how many equal parts the item is divided into.

We have added over 400 new grade 3 grammar worksheets to our web site.

## How to find the grammar worksheets

First, let us show us where to find the grammar worksheets. You’ll now find that our grammar sections are divided by grade, …

## Featuring Felines!

**By Sheila Welch**

Our book reviewer, Sheila Welch, has been digging around for children’s books about animals and, predominantly, cats. Here are her top picks:

## Find the White Horse

Find the White Horse by the popular British author Dick King-Smith, illustrated with pen and ink sketches by Larry Wilkes, is reminiscent of The Incredible Journey. All of the animals in King-Smith’s story – Squintum, a neglected Siamese cat; Lubber, an old dog saved by the cat from being euthanized; Katie, a homing pigeon; and Colleen, a purebred setter who was left tied and abandoned – are unashamedly anthropomorphized, yet retain many animal traits. For example, Squintum gobbles down a litter of baby mice and thinks of Katie, the pigeon, in terms of a meal until she proves useful as a high-flying scout. Why do they need to find the White Horse? Lubber’s owners live in a small village with a view of an oversized landmark, a gigantic horse carved into the white chalk on a huge grassy hill. The lively dialog and action-packed plot will entertain independent readers in third through fifth grades as they absorb the underlying plea for the humane treatment of animals.

Following on from our last blog on adding fractions with like denominators, adding fractions with unlike denominators is a little more complicated.

Improper fractions, or fractions with unlike denominators, may look a bit difficult. However, once you make the denominators the same, the addition is easy.

Let’s use an example:

Fractions are parts of a whole. To understand fractions we need to understand each part of the fraction.

The bottom number is called the denominator. The denominator tells us two things:

1. How many parts our whole is divided into;

2. What to call these parts.

For example in the fraction 2/3: