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# Addition Tips and Tricks

Learning to add numbers in your head is an essential part of your child’s math journey. There are a number of methods students can use to make adding numbers using mental math much easier. Here we share some of those addition tips and tricks.

## Friendly numbers

For this technique, imagine a number line. You make a ‘friendly’ number first and then add the rest. Let us show you how.

For example: 17 + 7

Making a friendly number means a number ending in 0.

For 17, that friendly number is 20.

You borrow 3 from 7 to make it 20.

That means you have 4 left: 7 – 3.

Here’s how that looks on a number line:

## Stealing numbers

At times it’s easier to ‘steal’ a number; let us show you how.

For example: 59 + 86

## Compensation Method

In compensation you round up a number – to make it easier to add – and then take away the extra after you have added.

For example: 29 + 16

It’s easier to round up the 29 to 30, and then take away the extra 1:

## Break apart by place value

Sometimes it may be easier to deal with the numbers by place value: adding the tens together, adding the ones together and adding the total numbers.

For example: 36 + 72

Now let’s re-group the numbers into tens and ones. Add the tens and ones separately.

Now it’s easier to do the final sum: 100 + 8 = 108

To practice these methods, we have a selection of mental addition worksheets in our grade 4 math section.