Hypernyms and Hyponyms Explained

What is a hypernym?

A hypernym is a word that represents a broad category or a general concept. It's like the big umbrella term that covers a group of related things.

For example, ‘fruit’ is a hypernym where it encompasses various types of fruit, such as apples, bananas, oranges, grapes, peaches and melons.

What is a hyponym?

A hyponym, on the other hand, is a word that falls under a hypernym. It's a specific example or type within that broader category.

In our previous example, ‘apples’, ‘bananas’, ‘oranges’, ‘grapes’, ‘peaches’ and ‘melons’ are hyponyms of the hypernym ‘fruit’.

Illustrating the relationship between hypernym and hyponyms

In simple terms, think of a hypernym as the big group or category, and hyponyms as the specific members or types within that group. Hypernyms are the general terms, while hyponyms are the specific examples that fit under those general terms.

Grade 1 categorization worksheets

In our grade 1 vocabulary section, we have created worksheets for students to work at categorizing words.

Sort words into categories

Students are given topics, or hypernyms, and asked to categorize words, or hyponyms, that belong to those topics.

Sorting words into categories worksheets

Word categorization

In these worksheets, students have to identify the word that is the odd one out.

Word categorization worksheets
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