Appositives Explained

What are appositives?

Appositives are typically used to rename or further describe the noun or pronoun they are adjacent to. Appositives can be nouns, noun phrases, or pronouns, and they serve to clarify or provide more context about the subject of the sentence.

Appositives examples

Here are some examples of appositives.

My friend, Sarah, is coming over for dinner.

In this sentence, "Sarah" is an appositive that renames or specifies which friend is being referred to.

appositives example


The car, a sleek red sports car, sped down the highway.

Here, "a sleek red sports car" is an appositive that provides additional details about the car being discussed.

appositives example


The famous author, Jane Austen, wrote many novels.

In this example, "Jane Austen" is an appositive that identifies who the famous author is.

appositives example


My neighbor, the one with the beautiful garden, won a gardening competition.

"The one with the beautiful garden" serves as an appositive to describe which neighbor is being talked about.

appositives example


How to use appositives

To use appositives effectively, remember these key points:

Appositives are set off by commas (or sometimes dashes) to separate them from the rest of the sentence.

Appositives can help make your writing more concise and clearer by providing additional details about a noun or pronoun in a sentence.

Be sure that the appositive agrees in number and gender with the noun it is modifying. For example, if the noun is singular, the appositive should also be singular.


In summary, appositives are a useful tool in writing to add context, description, or clarification to nouns or pronouns within sentences. They enhance the readability of your writing by providing additional information about the subject.

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