The K5 Learning Blog urges parents to be pro-active in helping their children reach their full academic potential.

K5 Learning provides an online reading and math program for kindergarten to grade 5 students.

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# K5 Learning Blog

We’re continuing to fill gaps in our math worksheet center. This time we have completed the grade 2 fractions section.

Topics included in this new fraction section include:

Simple fractions – part of a whole, including halves, thirds, quarters, sixths and eighths.

Reading and writing fractions, including writing and matching numerators and denominators of a fraction.

Identifying common fractions, including matching and coloring shapes.

Parts of a set, including matching and writing fractions to represent parts of a set.

Comparing fractions using pictures.

Fraction word problems.

**By Sheila Welch**

For elementary students who are writing essays and fiction, these books might prove helpful as well as interesting for both children and parents.

## Officer Buckle and Gloria

OFFICER BUCKLE AND GLORIA by Peggy Rathmann is the irresistible tale of a sweet-natured cop who writes safety tips that he reads to the indifferent students at Napville School. When he gets a police dog, he’s thrilled to have his assemblies and his tips suddenly become popular. This classic picture book will introduce children in first through third grades to the concept of writing notes as reminders. But it will be best remembered for its wonderful characters, humor, and clever plot.

We’ve had a gap in our grade 3 worksheets that we’ve now filled. We’ve just added grade 3 geometry worksheets to our grade 3 math worksheet section.

Topics included in this new geometry section include:

Basic properties of 2-D shapes: quadrilaterals, triangles, circles and polygons.

Lines and angles: reviewing the difference between lines, segments and rays, and learning to measure and classify angles.

Area and perimeter of 2D shapes. We wrote an blog piece on learning to calculate the area and perimeter of rectangles and squares a while back, in case you need a refresher.

Learning to identify congruent shapes.

Finding lines of symmetry and learning to draw symmetrical shapes.

Why is it important to learn to round numbers? This is a practical skill that your kids will take with them into their everyday lives, because rounding numbers help us calculate sums easier in our heads.

For example, you and your friends are buying pizza and you want to make sure you have enough money to buy four large pizzas with various toppings. Rounding the cost of each pizza to the nearest dollar and adding the amounts is a quick and easy way to make sure you have enough money to pay for them.

So, we round numbers because:

It makes it easier to describe and understand numbers.

It makes it easier to estimate answers to numeracy questions.

Punctuation is to writing what vocal delivery is to speech. Every full stop, comma, apostrophe, colon, parenthesis, quotation mark and hyphen serves its purpose in guiding the reader through the text. It’s useful to know what each mark can and cannot do, as well as the message it delivers to your reader.

Here are some simple rules and examples.

We have just added some more geometry pages to our grade math 2 section of our free worksheet center.

Let’s take a look at one of the topics we cover in the grade 2 geometry worksheets: faces, edges and vertices of shapes. Exactly what are these and how do you count them for different shapes?

## Vertex

A vertex is a corner. In 2-D shapes, that’s pretty easy to work out – a triangle has 3 vertices, a square 4 vertices and a pentagon 5 vertices.

In 3-D shapes it gets a little more complicated. Let’s look at a cube, for example. A cube looks like this:

Is it important that our kids learn to recognize patterns and sequences in math? The answer is a resounding yes.

Exploring patterns and learning about math sequences help young students build important foundations for later number work. Simply put, with the early work on recognizing patterns, students gain an understanding of mathematical relationships, which is the basis for understanding algebra, analyzing data and solving complex mathematical problems.

Here are the most common patterns:

## Arithmetic sequences

An arithmetic sequence adds or subtracts the same value each time.

For example:

1, 5, 9, 13, 17, 21…

As well-meaning parents we buy workbooks for our kids and have our kids sit quietly and trace letters over and over. There’s absolutely nothing wrong with this and, in fact, we provide these worksheets for free in our kindergarten section.

Sometimes, though, you’ll want to make this activity more fun. Here are some new ways in which you can help your kids learning to write the letters of the alphabet more fun.

## Shaving foam and finger paints

Spray shaving cream on a tray or table and help your kids write their name or a letter in the foam. Or use finger paints to dip a finger in and learn to write letters on a sheet of paper.

Mathematics isn’t always about things being equal. Sometimes we only know that something is greater than or lesser than something else.

We call these things inequalities.

For example, Sue and Jane ran a race.Sue ran farther than Jane.

We don’t know how far they ran, but we know that Sue ran a longer distance than Jane.

We can express that in math terms as follows:

Where x is how far Sue ran, and y is how far Jane ran, and “>” means greater than:

x > y

Learning to read can be tough. Words that we read naturally may not come to our kids quite so easily.

At school, teachers help kids with decoding strategies to help students learn to read.

We thought we’d share the six syllable types with you, so that when you are reading with your kids at home, you can help them with decoding words as well.

## The six syllable types

There are six hard and fast rules for syllable types – basically how vowel sounds are pronounced. Is there a short a or a long a in ‘water’ – for example.

However, as with any rules in English, there are exceptions to the rules.

Below we’ll go through the six syllable types and highlight the exceptions as part of each category. Let’s dive in.

As a point of reference, V = Vowel and C = Consonant.

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