The K5 Learning Blog urges parents to be pro-active in helping their children reach their full academic potential.

K5 Learning provides an online reading and math program for kindergarten to grade 5 students.

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# K5 Learning Blog

Proper fractions are fractions where the numerators are less than the denominators. For example, 3/5 or 4/7.

When multiplying fractions, you apply the following rule:

## 1. Multiply the top numbers – the numerators

Subjunctive verbs are complicated – when do you use ‘I was’ and when do you use ‘I were’ when you express a wish or command that is not real or factual?

For example – do you say?

I wish I was a princess living in a pink castle. – Incorrect

Or

I wish I were a princess living in a pink castle. – Correct

The lazy days of summer are nearly over. As we switch gears in anticipation of school starting, many of us are creating back to school checklists to make sure we’re not forgetting anything. Why not compare your list to ours? Perhaps it’ll jog your memory.

The basic rules are:

Who is used for people.

For example:

Dividing negative and positive numbers follows the same rules as multiplying negative and positive numbers. There are 3 simple rules:

## Rule 1: A positive number divided by a positive number equals a positive number.

This is the division you have been doing all along. For example: 16 / 4 = 4. We don’t place + in front of the numbers. It’s assumed no sign in front of the number means positive.

When do you use I or me? When do you use they or them?

## The difference between *I* and *me*, *they* and *them*

*I* is the subject pronoun, used for the one ‘doing’ the verb.

For example: *I *am going to the park with my friend Sophia. (I is the subject of ‘am going’.)

*Me* is the object pronoun, used for the object (or receiver) of the action of the verb.

For example: Sophia asked *me* to bring a ball to the park. (Me is the object of ‘asked’.)

If you’re looking for some worksheets to practice I or me pronouns, you can find some in our first grade vocabulary section.

There are less rules when multiplying positive and negative numbers than in adding and subtracting positive and negative numbers. There are only three rules to remember:

## Rule 1: A positive number times a positive number equals a positive number.

This is the multiplication you have been doing all along, positive numbers times positive numbers equal positive numbers.

For example, 5 x 3 = 15. 5 is a positive number, 3 is a positive number and multiplying equals a positive number: 15.

The answer is 5 x 3 = 15.

**By Sheila Welch**

These four books focus on the important interpersonal relationships within families.

HI is a simple story by Ann Herbert Scott about a toddler Hispanic girl who goes with her mother to the post office. The illustrations by Glo Coalson expand the text with bold, expressive watercolors. The child attempts to interact with the strangers waiting in line, but no one responds. Finally, when the post office worker smiles and returns the little girl’s greeting, young listeners will understand her sense of satisfaction. The quiet, supportive relationship between a parent and child is beautifully depicted in this charming read-aloud for preschoolers and kindergartners.

Another picture book, MY DADDY, written and illustrated by Susan Paradis, conveys the close connection between an involved father and his young son. With very few words (only about 100) and imaginative, boldly colorful pictures, this book will encourage little ones to think and talk about their own fathers. Pair this with HI for a comparison of the activities and feelings that kids share with their mothers and fathers.

Subtracting positive numbers, such as 4 - 2, is easy. When we subtract negative numbers or subtract negative numbers to positive numbers, it gets more complicated.

Here are some simple rules to follow when subtracting negative numbers.

## Rule 1: Subtracting a positive number from a positive number – it’s just normal subtraction.

For example: this is what you have learned before. 6 – 3 are two positive numbers. So solve this equation the way you always have: 6 – 3 = 3.

Are you looking for ways to improve your child’s spelling and confidence in spelling new words? We did some research and found the five most effective ways to learn to spell are:

## 1. Stair steps

Write the words as if they are stairs, adding one letter at a time.

S

St

Sta

Stai

Stair

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