The K5 Learning Blog urges parents to be pro-active in helping their children reach their full academic potential.

K5 Learning
provides an online reading and math program for kindergarten to grade 5 students.

# K5 Learning Blog

## Expository writing definition

We most commonly know expository writing as report writing. This type of writing has the purpose of explaining and clarifying.

Expository writing is fact-based and presents reason, explanations, instructions or directions. Unlike other forms of writing, this type of writing does not include descriptive details or opinions. For expository writing students need to organize their thoughts, follow a plan, sometimes conduct research and support their findings. Honestly, this writing is the most straightforward type of writing your child will learn, yet it is the hardest to grasp.

In our last blog post we discussed why narrative writing is important for our kids to learn.  Here are some great tools to help your kids get started with narrative writing. We’ve created them as PDF files so that you can easily print them.

## Framework

First, your child needs to formulate his or her ideas. This outline page will help your kids do that. Having filled it out, they can then start writing their story.

## What is narrative writing?

In short, narrative writing tells a story. It’s a piece of writing of a main character (a narrator or the author himself/herself) in a particular setting, who encounters an event – be it a problem, or one that engages the character in an interesting, significant or entertaining experience.

The event that happens to the character is called the plot. That plot follows a beginning, a middle and an end. The middle of the story is usually the biggest part and we call that the main event. This section is what the story is all about. Authors write narrative stories to entertain or teach readers a lesson. This is called author’s purpose.

In grade 5, students learn to measure the areas of parallelograms, triangles without right angles and trapezoids. What are these shapes and how do you calculate the area of each? In this post, we’ll go through each shape and show you how to calculate the areas.

## What is a parallelogram?

A parallelogram is a flat shape with opposite sides parallel and equal in length. This is what it looks like:

The opposite sides are parallel.
The opposite sides are equal in length.
The opposite angles are equal. In our diagram, that is, the angle of A and C are the same, and the angle of B and D are the same.

We’ve improved our grade 4 vocabulary worksheets page as well as published a new vocabulary 4 workbook in our bookstore.

We believe that the more vocabulary words students know, the better they are able to comprehend, speak, listen and write. Therefore, we are focusing our efforts on building out our library of vocabulary worksheets and workbooks.

New worksheets added to our vocabulary 4 page are:

## The meaning of words

A group of worksheets that focus on helping students identify and apply words, to match phrases and to use context clues.

This article is part of a series. It starts with a summary of the 100 most important multiple meaning words elementary school students should learn. Following will be a grade by grade set of Flashcards for those multiple meaning words.

## Learning Multiple Meaning Words for Students in Grades 3 - 5

Here ‘s our final set of multiple meaning words for grade 3 to 5 students. The words covered in this set are:

shed – ship – sole – space – spring – squash – stable – steer – stern – stoop – store – train – trunk – watch - yard

Once you have opened the page and printed the pages, you’ll want to fold each page down the vertical line. Cut out the words and definitions as one folded card. That way you can show the word to your child and check the descriptions on the back.

In our last blog post we discussed why persuasive writing is important for our kids to learn.  Now, we’re going to turn our attention to some tools that we believe will help your kids with their persuasive writing. Below are four instruction pages that you can print out as PDF files.

## Framework

First, your child needs to formulate his or her ideas. This framework page will help them do that. Having filled it out, they can then start writing the speech, article, letter or other piece of persuasive writing.

## What is persuasive writing?

Persuasive writing intends to convince readers to believe in an idea or opinion. It’s a form of non-fiction writing the writer uses to develop logical arguments, making use of carefully chosen words and phrases. Reviews, editorials, proposals, advertisements and brochures are some examples of pieces of writing that use persuasion to influence readers.

This article is part of a series. It starts with a summary of the 100 most important multiple meaning words elementary school students should learn. Following will be a grade by grade set of Flashcards for those multiple meaning words.

## Multiple Meanings Words Flashcards for Grades 3 - 5

Here comes our next set of multiple meaning words for grade 3 to 5 students. The words covered in this set are:

Once you have opened the page and printed the pages, you’ll want to fold each page down the vertical line. Cut out the words and definitions as one folded card. That way you can show the word to your child and check the descriptions on the back.

Our book reviewer, Sheila Welch, highlights the must-read award-reading children's books for 2018.

By Sheila Welch

## Hello Universe

This year, the Newbery Award, the highest honor for children’s literature, went to HELLO, UNIVERSE by Erin Entrada Kelly. It’s an excellent choice for readers in third grade through fifth, making it a solidly “middle-grade” novel. The story unfolds at a leisurely pace, chapter by chapter, as readers learn important information about each of the five major characters.  The suburban setting will feel like familiar territory to many readers while their attention will be captured by the various backgrounds and traits of the characters –  one is deaf, two have Japanese-American parents, one has a story-telling, live-in grandmother from the Philippines, and one is an unrepentant bully. As the plot unfolds, it offers many thought provoking  elements that will lead to questions such as: What is fate?  What role do stories play in our everyday lives? Why do people say, “There are no coincidences?”